Firstly accept warm wishes for a happy and prosperous diwali to you and your near and dear ones from Team Dairy Pulse.
Since last diwali we have been watching a strange kind of competition going on amongst few of the states in the country to promote desi cow farming in the country. Each state government is trying to enchant farmers with some schemes or the other , provided the farmers rear desi cows. It all started with Rajasthan, Karnataka, Haryana and now Gujarat and U.P. Looking at their efforts I have started to think whether keeping and rearing desi cow is sufficient to be prosperous at farmer level.
Could our poor small and marginal farmers who are struggling for sustenance at all levels be able to carry the extra burden of keeping a low yielding , poor genetics animal at their homes. The situation becomes more grim with majority of the states growing less than the required dry matter as animal fodder per adult cattle e.g Rajasthan and Gujarat ( look at the news on Dry matter(feed) availability in India in this edition).
The market dynamics are also quiet diverse across the country as in last fortnight Mother Dairy increased their milk price by Rs 2 per liter and Mysore federation reduced procurement price by Rs 2.50 per liter. In Maharashtra where the Dry matter availability for animals is almost 50 % more than the required level of sustenance , the farmers are forced to sell their milk again at close to Rs 20 or may be less than Rs 20 per liter also at some places.
The state governments are just making schemes and subsidizing the beneficiary or the infrastructure. If Desi cows are to be retained then policy must subsidize the sustenance ration which comes out to be not less than Rs 45 per animal per day (provided we feed only dry fodder or farm residue considered at Rs 6 per kg). This way we need close to Rs 405 Crores per day for around 90 million of cows which are dry and not in milk (buffaloes not being considered here but cross bred cows are considered).
An annual amount of 27.0 Billion USD or Rs 150000 Crore is required if the government wishes that the farmers must keep the unproductive animals also with the productive one and with zero culling of animals for slaughtering.
Cross bred animals which are registering growth in most of the states where they are nurtured have the capacity to sustain themselves provided government supports them for breed improvement and easy policies on imports of semen and embryos( we do not recommend import of animals for farming purposes).
Same is true for simple and hassle free imports of pure gir (desi cow) semen and bulls(for breeding purpose) from Brazil which could yield milk upto 5-6000 litres per animal per lactation.
All other freebies and financial help in terms of subsidizing the milk by Rs 2-5 per liter and then writing it as a chief minister scheme does not provide grace to the second highest federal position (at state level) in a democratic country like India.
On this diwali I pray that our policy maker must think seriously on how to make our farmers prosperous rather than how to protect a particular kind of cow.
We are organizing a conference as knowledge partner at Pune on November 27th. We shall be launching an Indian Dairy Map there on future road map. You all are invited to register and attend the same. This is a concurrent event with a 3 day Indian Dairy Expo from Oct 26th to 28th. A brochure is enclosed with this edition of Dairy Pulse.
Wishing you a great and safe diwali again.
Happy e reading.
with best regards
Chief Thinking Officer
Suruchi Consultants (ISO 9001:2008 Company)