Saturday, September 16, 2017

Rs 10881 Crore Diwali Bonanza for Indian dairy industry (45th, 1 to 15 Sep, 2017)

Dear friends,

Let us first look at a few of the top news from dairy sector in last fortnight before analyzing the Breaking news in reference to the above captioned subject.

Finally a good news for Indian farmers owning Desi cows and buffaloes  as they would be getting sexed semen so as to counter the menace of male calves in times to come.ABS India has introduced this technique for Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi and Murrah Buffaloes. This has also paved the path for other global companies dealing in germ plasm of high yielding gir ( 5000-6000 litres per lactation) from Brazil. I personally appreciate the efforts of government for a constructive solution in reducing  the possibilities of getting male calves with indigenous cattle. Such technology till date was available to Exotic breed animals only.

We talked about the first PPP dairy model in India of Keventers in our last edition and this fortnight we got another good news wherein Keventers has got plans to invest 100 Million USD ( 25 Million USD or 170 crores received from Mandala Capital) in next 5 years to convert it into a 500 Mill USD venture. Hats off to the commitment of Team Keventers to develop dairy sector in eastern region.

Patanjali strikes back and this time to enter dairy and apparel sector together by this year end. The news talks about the size of the market to be 20 lac crores or 3 Trillion USD which is by chance equivalent to Indian GDP which I could not understand with best of my efforts. The magic of Baba Ramdev is evident in case of Indian consumers but it is the time for Baba  to recreate the same magic over the farmers while entering into dairy sector. We wish him a great success.

First cow milk processing plant ( probably desi cows milk processing plan) to be set up by Saras at Ajmer by spending Rs 253 cores. Currently a subsidy of 133 crores is helping 1191 gaushalas on per annum basis. Such initiatives need to be revisited as for the first time they are based on exclusion rather than inclusion. Technologically we can saggregate any kind of milk in any plant. Amul became the first dairy to make milk powder from buffalo milk in the world. However to do so they did not open up a separate dairy for buffalo milk and its products. I am not sure whether this dairy is required for a federation which has  sustained its operation by either subsidizing the poor captive farmers or by controlling the milk retail space in all major cities of Rajasthan through their milk booths and not allowing others to take the same route. A better decision could have been to invest may be same amount in all the dairies to expand their capacity to handle cow milk separately or using this fund to support 2253 more gaushalas in the state.

Now let us look at the breaking news on Rs 10881 Crore budget for dairy development in India in next 11 years ( around Rs 1000 crore per annum).The break up is as follows :

Beneficiary : 95 lakhs Farmers in 50000 villages ( meaning 190 farmer per village ( on an average)
Employment : 40000 direct and 200000 indirect jobs.
Break up of 10881 Crores        : 
From Nabard as a loan             :      Rs 8004 Crores to be provided to NDDB and NCDC
End borrowers contribution       :      Rs 2001 Crores 
NDDB and NCDC Contribution :      Rs     12 Crores
Dairy department against 
interest subvention                     :      Rs  864 Crores

Infrastructure development 

a. Milk processing Capacity        : 126 Lakh Litres per day 
b. Milk Drying Capacity               : 210 Tonnes  ( Milk equivalent 20-25 lakh Litre per day)
c. Chilling Capacity                     : 140 Lakh Litres per day
d. Bulk Milk cooler                       : 28000 BMC of 5000 liters for creating 140 lakh liter milk chilling capacity per day along with milk adulteration testing machines

Now key questions to be answered in this proposal may be as follows :

a. As it is evident that these funds would be utilized for refurbishment of ailing and old dairy processing plants as well as to create new one. So for that would there be any selection criteria for such units e.g

    1. Which states these plants would be ; 
      Amongst 10 states which produces 90% of the milk or rest of the states 
      where demand supply gap is at its peak.

      Would it be given to federations making profits or federations in Loss and       if it would be given to federations making losses then how would they 
      bring their borrower's fund ( equity). Would it be through another grant or 
      another loan ?
     Is there any scope of private sector with proven track record to get this     
     fund for their dairy expansion plans ? 

     Does this fund cover investments in skill development activities for 
     developing manpower to handle these augmented capacities ?

     Does this fund cover investments in R&D and new product development 
     centers so as to ensure that value added milk products are being offered 
     to the existing infrastructure of the state federation for better realization ?

     Does this fund cover investment in training of manpower in both milk 
     procurement and marketing to make their federations profitable and run 
    more professionally in a sustainable manner without any government     
     grant or subsidy ?

    Does this fund cover investment for start ups in dairy under start up India ?

I feel that sooner or later we will have to develop level playing field for the private sector also other wise the dream of our respected Pradhan mantri ji to create India a country of start ups wont be full filled completely at least in dairy sector.

I am also enclosing a copy of our start up pulse which is a collation of various start up schemes as launched by Government of India for your kind reference and perusal.

Happy e reading

Kuldeep Sharma
Chief Thinking Officer
Suruchi Consultants (ISO 9001:2008 Company)
C-49 Sector-65
Noida 201307

Friday, September 1, 2017

Let us make Indian dairying Future ready under PPP mode (44th, 16th to 31 Aug, 2017)

Dear friends,

So finally we are slightly more than a fortnight away from the festival times. This is a time of highest consumption of indigenous milk products like ghee, khoa, paneer and other sweets. Even Chocolates are being sold and consumed in large quantities. Almost 30 % of the total ghee sales in the country happens during this period. 

Fssai new norms for Milk and Milk products are being appreciated well by the industry and from both farming and processing sector. The food regulator has also launched 9 mobile testing laboratories which would not only be sampling and testing but also be developing awareness about safe and nutritious food. It is a very good initiative at the onset of festival times. 

This fortnight , I have chosen a news from East India and I would like to link it with a very important area which is till date missing in Indian dairy industry. We have raised our voice for the same issue time and again in our publications and in this newsletter also. The issue deals with having investments in PPP mode in Indian dairy sector. 

One of the largest dairy in West Bengal i.e Metro Dairy started was the first dairy project under PPPP ( Producer Public Private Partnership)in 1990s. It was a tripartite venture having  West Bengal Milk Producers federation, NDDB and Keventer Agro as partners. The dairy did a very good job and NDDB passed on their share to Keventer  Agro. Now Government of West Bengal which is a major stakeholder in West Bengal Milk producers Federation has also decided to pass on their share also to Keventer Agro. 

This case is a very good case study to start multiple dairy initiative under PPP using funds available under various schemes like National Dairy Plan, National Livestock Mission, Rashtriya Gokul Mission, DEDS by NABARD, PM Sampada Yojana and many more. Till date most of these funds are being utilized through state milk federations under the guidance of NDDB. Our suggestion is that private sector may also be given an opportunity to work with public sector enterprise under the guidance of NDDB with such funds, to speed up the whole process of dairy development in the country as well as making use of , ailing infrastructure of most of the state federations, in almost all parts of the country. Some of the suggested areas where government could prepare and call for an EOI ,with some fund support under PPP may be as follows :

In Dairy Farming

a. Setting up Hay block making units 

b. Setting up Silage making units

c. Setting up Cattle feed and Mineral Mixture Plants at small capacities ( May be from 500 Kgs to 5 MTPD)

d. Setting up Semen Station

e. Setting up ETT centers

f. Setting up Community Bio gas plant etc

g. Setting up Cow hostel for unproductive cows and male calves

h. Establishing mobile animal vet clinics for providing health check ups, vaccination, AI services etc

i. Setting up Panchgavya products in toiletries, cosmetics, nutraceuticals, health and nutrition etc.

In Milk processing

a. Setting up network of Village level collection centers with Bulk Milk Coolers or Chilling Centers

b. Handing over closed chilling centers of state federations for revival.( depending upon their state) or allowing private sector to make use of that location/land/building etc.

c. Handing over closed or sick milk processing Plants of state federations for revival ( depending upon their state) or allowing private sector to make use of that location/land/building etc.

d. Allowing Private sector also to use existing network of sales booth in certain states for better competition and growth in sales from those booths with complimentary products.

e. Establishing mobile milk testing laboratory for surveillance and creating awareness about safe milk delivery in the country.

In Dairy Services for making the sector Future Ready

a.. Setting up Product Development and R&D center for the sake of industry

b. Setting up skill development and training centers for both farming and processing

c. Setting up R&D centers to study environmental impact of dairying in India from farming to packaging   and developing solutions to reduce the same.

d. Setting up R&D Institutions on better quality of feed and fodder and other nutritional additives and     ingredients using latest technologies of enzymes, nanotechnology, rumen microbiota studies, etc.

My reason for suggesting such service based institutions using those funds is to make our industry future ready in an inclusive manner. I feel that India should have independent think tank institutions on Research and Development for dairy industry . These center of excellence must run in partnership of Private and Public dairies with support from relevant government departments. 

It was so painful to read a news a few weeks back that a couple of the Indian large dairy players are looking out of India for getting products developed for Indian markets.

I think Metro Dairy case is a full circle journey of success and pride of a private sector dairy making the whole model sustainable in collaboration with farmers and policy makers.

I wish a happy and prosperous Eid to everyone and your near and dear ones.

Happy E learning on this rainy weekend

with best regards

Kuldeep Sharma
Chief Thinking Officer
Suruchi Consultants (ISO 9001:2008 Company)
C-49 Sector-65
Noida 201307