Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Demonetisation and Future of Indian dairy industry (25TH DP) (1 to 15 Nov 2016)

Dear friends,

What a fortnight it was for all the Indians ! This must have been the largest cleaning drive of bad intentions so far in the history of the world. I would like to share a line from a great book "The Alchemist " which got its true meaning today in the context of demonetisation.

"Loss of fortunes is a common occurrence at the beginning of most quests." 

Since the beginning of the last week we have been hearing a lot of news related to problems being faced by various stakeholders in dairy industry due to changed scenarios. While organized sector have to close sales in some part of the country to avoid receiving old notes on one side and farmers are not getting paid by private sector as well as cooperative in certain areas due to the almost stalled banking operations for businesses in the country. In this issue of dairy pulse ( thoughits too early) but I would like to share a quick reflection of demonetisation on Indian dairy sector.

a. It is a great opportunities for cooperatives and now for private sector also to make use of digital eco system for farmer's payment. Most of the key cooperatives have welcome this idea. With Jan DhanYojana giving direct access to nearly 15.67 Crores rural customers ( as on Nov 9 2016) and 25 crores account in total, there is hardly going to be any trouble even for enrolling 7.2 crores dairy farmers in the country.Such initiative would instantly change the foot print of Indian non cash transaction from a paltry 9% to surpass the BCG projected number of 59% before 2025.

b. The companies will have to formulate strategy to be more responsible towards tax paid billing ( particularly at unorganised sector level for products like panir, cheese,  ghee and SMP)  thereby creating a level playing field for responsible dairy operators as well as ensuring supply of pure and safe products at the consumer end. This would bring higher levels of transparency in the business and dairy would surely be moving up on the Integrity Index for doing business.

c. The companies have a massive opportunity to explore or cross benchmark the  Newspaper selling model for milk and milk products by enrolling a part of the consumers online for week/fortnight/month/quarter/half year/yearly subscription through online payments and later directing their supply chain to make delivery directly at the door step or at a convenient location near to their home. The cash transaction pressure both at the retail point as well as at the consumer level would thus be reduced to a minimal level. The customer is also getting ready for such opportunities at least for the essential products like milk. Thanks to Mother dairy booth near my house which till date has been supportive for supplies of milk, fruits and vegetables and other standard groceries to me and my neighbour by receiving old notes.

d. Such booking in advance would strengthen the working capital structure of most of the dairies ( look at the article where dairy industry is shown under stress with high working capital requirements).

e. Dairy has been a favorite investment hub for Private equity and Venture capitalist but due to propensity of higher cash transactions raises their eyebrows and they become selective and extremely precautious while evaluating dairy sector. Shifting of majority of business to non cashtransaction  would make these funds to invest in dairy more aggressively and thus I could see a great time ahead for expansion , product innovation and new models of business along with foreign brands flowing in India along with huge FDI in dairy soon.

These are just a few of the reflections but I hope the group may have lots of lots of other things to share. Please do share to help us build a New Dairy Model for Indian dairy industry of future.

Happy reading.

with best regards
Kuldeep Sharma
Chief Thinking Officer
Suruchi Consultants (ISO 9001:2008 Company)
C-49 Sector-65
Noida 201307

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Happy Diwali (24th Dairy Pulse) 16 to 30 Oct,2016

Dear Friends,

Firstly Team Dairy Pulse wishes you a purposeful, prosperous, healthy and peaceful festival times.

Last fortnight witnessed a lot of action in dairy sector but I would like to focus on two news items which were hidden somewhere in our over communicated media but holds a lot of promises for Indian dairy sector in times to come.

The first news is on yet another meaningful initiative of Government of India to apply science to boost rural economy. The Indian government last week announced the launch of two new programs — Biotech-KISAN (Krishi Innovation Science Application Network) and  Cattle Genomics.       

These programs are going to bridge the gap between farmers and the Scientists and research Institute. We have large number of dairy research institutions in the country and have patronage from the government as well as funding from Foreign institutions. I do not know whether any study exist which has evaluated the commercialization index of the research and technology developed by these institutions. There are hardly any technologies which these institutions could proudly showcase as the one being disruptive. The industry is depending solely on the R&D capabilities of similar firms outside India for both in milk processing technology and animal production arenas. All commercial farms or scaled up dairy processing plants uses technology from abroad and hardly depends upon the immense knowledge pools of Indian scientists.  

The initiative of connecting this pool of knowledge to the farmers of the country would bring a paradigm shift in the overall productivity and health of the animals. Our farmers seek awareness and  knowledge . Knowledge is the best tool for empowerment. Though we have initiatives like ITK ( Indigeneous technological Knowledge) with ICAR wherein a diadic communication makes the mutual learning of farmer and scientist but the new initiative will further augment the efforts by converting Research knowledge of Institution into applied knowledge for farmers.

The second good news must be a nice music for the ears of Dairy Start ups with whom we have been working since last 26 years now.
As per RBI ( Reserve Bank of India) Foreign Venture Capital Investors (FVCIs) can now invest in Indian startups without prior permission of the  the central bank. Sebi-registered FVCIs have also been permitted to invest in unlisted firms in sectors like biotechnology, nanotechnology and dairy without prior permission of the RBI. 

There is a large number of dairy aspirants in the guise of IT professionals, Bankers, Engineers, Technocrats, Retired executives, Ex service man, Real estate and marketing professionals who are just looking around for investment to convert their one time dream into reality. A large number of them have got very good networking abroad and are capable of bringing such investors to India for their projects. Now with opening up of a sector like dairy for the start up we may look forward to more of Fresh cow milk delivered at our homes with high tech IT intervention for delivery, promotion and traceability for quality and hygiene.

Other significant news been there about Heritage acquiring Reliance dairy business. I along with a large number of dairy learners were unable to understand the legitimacy of Reliance in dairy business ( Just because there was no thrust for scaling up or backward integration which is most unlikely for any of Reliance businesses).

Skimmed milk powder price at Global Dairy Trade is staying strong at USD2329.00 on November 1 and trend is showing up north... A real good news for Indian dairy industry and a strong reason for making powder this season. I feel next 32 months would be good for dairy.

Happy reading to you all.

with best regards

Kuldeep Sharma
Chief Thinking Officer
Suruchi Consultants (ISO 9001:2008 Company)
C-49 Sector-65
Noida 201307
+91-98 10 31 58 31